Indie friendly game discovery
Search
Gordian Quest on Steam
Five Nations on Steam Settlement Survival on Steam
Try searching for the game you last bought, have played recently or just added to your wishlist
Home Life Simulator
Search

  Top similar games like Home Life Simulator:

Updated on

Results summary

The top results based on the latest update are Kick the VIRUS [Score: 2.9], My hot beach vacation [Score: 2.9] and Missing Children | 行方不明 [Score: 2.7] The top rated games you can find here are Streamer Daily [SteamPeek Rating: 6.0] ranked #8, Stigmatized Property | 事故物件 [SteamPeek Rating: 5.1] ranked #5 and Missing Children | 行方不明 [SteamPeek Rating: 4.6] ranked #3 Also don't forget to check the newest releases The Killer of Dishonor [Release date: 2021-05-07] ranked #19, Blood Metal [Release date: 2020-07-17] ranked #15 and Missing Children | 行方不明 [Release date: 2020-06-12] ranked #3.

Requested game details

Home Life Simulator screenshot
Home Life Simulator
CasualIndieActionSportsSimulation

Home Life Simulator

3.567 17

Release date: 22 May, 2020

The game will teach you how to stay at home, make trips to the store, use masks and various antiseptics. Buckwheat, toilet paper, masks, city pass..


Developer: Two Inc, Publisher: Click Games

Windows |   Mac |   Linux | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows Vista or greater
  • Processor: 2 Ghz
  • Memory: 2 GB RAM
  • Graphics: 512MB+
  • Storage: 980 MB available space

CasualIndieActionSportsSimulationAdventureStrategyMemesClickerPoliticsEconomyCartoonyFast-PacedComedyPuzzleArcade2DSingleplayerFirst-PersonHorror

Promotion supporting the site:

Your search results

Filter: IndieSimulationCasualAdventureActionStrategySportsRPGEarly AccessSexual ContentSingleplayerHorrorFree to PlayRacingAtmosphericFunny2DFirst-Person
Order by:
Kick the VIRUS screenshot
Kick the VIRUS
CasualIndieActionSimulationAdventure

Kick the VIRUS

1.24 2

Release date: 18 Apr, 2020

Kick the VIRUS It's a game that helps when your anger reaches its maximum.


Developer: Split Personality Games, Publisher: Split Personality Games

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • Requires a 64-bit processor and operating system
  • OS: Windows 7/8/8.1/10
  • Processor: Intel Core i3-540 (or equivalent)
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: GeForce GTX 460 (or equivalent)
  • Storage: 200 MB available space

CasualIndieActionSimulationAdventureSportsNuditySexual ContentCuteMemesViolentFunnySingleplayerGreat SoundtrackHorrorSurvivalFPSGoreAnimeSci-fi

Similar
My hot beach vacation screenshot
My hot beach vacation
CasualIndieSimulationAdventureSports

My hot beach vacation

0.31 7

Release date: 30 Dec, 2019

My hot beach vacation tells the story of a salary man and your friends that goes to a hot beach in a summer vacation.


Developer: Ero Team Triangle, Publisher: Ero Team Triangle

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7
  • Processor: 1.5Ghz Processor or better
  • Memory: 4 MB RAM
  • Graphics: Integrated Graphics Chip
  • Storage: 250 MB available space
  • Sound Card: Yes

CasualIndieSimulationAdventureSportsSexual ContentNudityActionRPGStrategyHentaiMatch 3PuzzleAnimeSingleplayerMatureVisual NovelFuturisticFantasyMedieval

Similar
Missing Children | 行方不明 screenshot
Missing Children | 行方不明
CasualAdventureIndieActionSimulation

Missing Children | 行方不明

4.6140 15

Release date: 12 Jun, 2020

Missing Children | 行方不明 is a Japanese horror-themed adventure game about a bully detective searching for reported missing children.


Developer: Chilla's Art, Publisher: Chilla's Art, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7 SP1+ x64
  • Processor: Intel/Amd
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: Nvidia/Amd
  • Storage: 3 GB available space
  • Sound Card: Yes
  • Additional Notes: Please wear headphones

CasualAdventureIndieActionSimulationStrategyHorrorShortWalking SimulatorFirst-PersonSurrealPsychologicalMysteryPsychological HorrorAtmosphericPuzzleStory RichExplorationSingleplayerNarration

Similar
Cat Simulator screenshot
Cat Simulator
SimulationIndieCasualAdventureAction

Cat Simulator

2.1105 175

Release date: 12 Feb, 2016

Cat Simulator is a fun first person-cat video game. Your goal is to chase rats and mice, break things, eat, and do other things that cats do... You will experience the joy of hunting mice and rats while racking up points by knocking things over. Cause as much destruction as you possibly can!


Developer: Funny Games Group, Catstudio, Publisher: Funny Games Group, Game website

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows XP or Later
  • Processor: 100 MHz or higher
  • Memory: 128 MB RAM

SimulationIndieCasualAdventureActionStrategyEarly AccessMemesFunnyOpen WorldComedyCatsPsychological HorrorCuteIlluminatiFree to PlayAnimeFemale Protagonist

Similar
Stigmatized Property | 事故物件 screenshot
Stigmatized Property | 事故物件
AdventureIndieCasualSimulationAction

Stigmatized Property | 事故物件

5.1414 89

Release date: 25 Oct, 2019

Stigmatized Property, 事故物件 (Jiko bukken) is a horror game inspired by haunted apartment rooms in Japan. These properties are known to have cheap rents and you play to find out the exact reason why.


Developer: Chilla's Art, Publisher: Chilla's Art, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements | Steam Trading Cards

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7 SP1+
  • Processor: Intel/Amd
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: Integrated graphics
  • Storage: 2 GB available space
  • Sound Card: Yes
  • Additional Notes: Wear headphone

AdventureIndieCasualSimulationActionStrategyHorrorPsychological HorrorPuzzleShortExplorationSingleplayerAnimeWalking SimulatorRealisticPsychologicalMysteryFirst-PersonGoreNarration

Similar
The Last Hentai - Miku screenshot
The Last Hentai - Miku
ActionAdventureCasualSimulationIndie

The Last Hentai - Miku

1.811 6

Release date: 10 Apr, 2020

A third-person girl named Miku move to a new village. Miku should learn how to fight and defeat each bosses.


Developer: Seito Games, Publisher: Seito Games

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows XP, Vista, 7,8,10+
  • Processor: Intel Core 2
  • Graphics: 2GB
  • Storage: 800 MB available space

ActionAdventureCasualSimulationIndieSexual ContentNudityStrategySportsAnimeHentaiArcadeThird PersonMemesMatureFightingAction-Adventure3D Fighter3DCombat

Similar

Promotion supporting the site:

Grand Heist screenshot
Grand Heist
CasualSimulationIndieActionStrategy

Grand Heist

0.0

Release date: TBA

The Grand Heist is an engaging game that allows you to be part of the thief team in 1930 is. Action packed strategy with an interactive environment.


Developer: CreativeForge Games, Publisher: CreativeForge Games

Windows | Full controller support

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: windows 7,8 10
  • Processor: Intel Core i3-2100 / AMD Phenom II X4 965
  • Memory: 6 GB RAM
  • Graphics: GeForce GTX 550 Ti / Intel HD 620
  • DirectX: Version 11
  • Storage: 35 GB available space

CasualSimulationIndieActionStrategyAdventureStealthHeistCrimeSandboxRealisticIsometricMysterySingleplayerDark ComedyComedyExplorationFunnyOpen World

Similar
Streamer Daily screenshot
Streamer Daily
SimulationCasualIndieStrategyAdventure

Streamer Daily

6.0732 88

Release date: 4 Mar, 2020

Did you think it was easy to streaming? Do you think streamers earn money by playing games? Can you reach the summit by facing all the challenges of streaming? Then be a real streamer instead of playing this game !!!


Developer: Mehan Games, Publisher: Mehan Games, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • Requires a 64-bit processor and operating system
  • OS: Windows 7 / 8.1 / 10
  • Processor: Intel Core i5-2500K or equivalent
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVidia GeForce GTX 660 or equivalent
  • DirectX: Version 10
  • Storage: 3 GB available space

SimulationCasualIndieStrategyAdventureSingleplayerManagementFirst-PersonReplay ValueFunnyEconomyFemale ProtagonistMemesSandboxRealisticFamily FriendlyWalking SimulatorSurvivalAtmospheric

Similar
Disc Ninja screenshot
Disc Ninja
SportsSimulationCasualIndieAdventure

Disc Ninja

1.24 2

Release date: 2 Jun, 2020

Disc Ninja is a Virtual Reality disc golf game set in a magical version of Feudal Japan. The goal is to reach the target with a flying disc in as few throws as possible. The game combines realistic physics with beautiful, stylized graphics.


Developer: Immersion, Publisher: Immersion

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 10
  • Processor: Intel i5-4590 or equivalent
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVIDIA GTX 1050 or equivalent
  • DirectX: Version 11
  • Network: Broadband Internet connection
  • Storage: 3 GB available space
  • Additional Notes: Compatible USB Ports

SportsSimulationCasualIndieAdventureEarly AccessVRFirst-Person3DPhysicsNinjaSurrealReal-TimeCompetitiveRelaxingStylizedShortExplorationSingleplayerAtmospheric

Similar
The 111th Soul screenshot
The 111th Soul
IndieCasualAdventureActionSimulation

The 111th Soul

3.496 43

Release date: 5 Dec, 2017

Embark on a touching and creepy journey about sacrifice and how sometimes a person pays for the sins of another


Developer: Ricardo Pratas, Publisher: Ricardo Pratas

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10
  • Processor: Any Dual-Core Processor
  • Memory: 2 GB RAM
  • Graphics: Nvidia or Radeon with at least 256mb
  • DirectX: Version 10
  • Storage: 1 GB available space

IndieCasualAdventureActionSimulationHorrorPuzzleFirst-PersonSingleplayerDarkPsychological HorrorStory RichExplorationWalking SimulatorAtmosphericGreat SoundtrackLovecraftianDark HumorViolentBlood

Similar
Potion Commotion screenshot
Potion Commotion
IndieCasualStrategyAdventureSimulation

Potion Commotion

3.862 7

Release date: 15 Apr, 2020

Live the CRAZY life of a Wizard’s assistant in this hilarious Clicker game! You’ll be in charge of making wacky and wonderful Potions, using ingredients produced in your garden. With plenty of twists and turns along the way, the fun never stops! Do you have what it takes?


Developer: NerdyBird Studios, Publisher: NerdyBird Studios, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements | Full controller support

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • Storage: 300 MB available space

IndieCasualStrategyAdventureSimulationFree to PlayClickerIdlerCuteFamily FriendlyColorfulRelaxingMemesFunny2DManagementMagicResource ManagementSingleplayerAgriculture

Similar
Fire in the hole screenshot
Fire in the hole
SimulationStrategyCasualIndieAction

Fire in the hole

0.0

This is an online shooting game with Battle Royale mode. The game is played in a dark room, you can switch on the rifle flashlight for illuminating targeted areas, but always watch out for enemies who follow the light to sneak up on you!


Developer: Linkflag Studio, Publisher: Linkflag Studio

Windows | Steam Achievements | Steam Leaderboards

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7 or Newer
  • Processor: 2.4 GHz Dual core
  • Memory: 2 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVIDIA GTX 260 or ATI 4850
  • DirectX: Version 9.0c
  • Storage: 4 GB available space

SimulationStrategyCasualIndieActionSportsEarly AccessFPSThird-Person ShooterTacticalMemesBase BuildingBuildingFast-PacedFantasySingleplayerSci-fiSurvivalOpen WorldAdventure

Similar
"It's honestly the best Steam recommendation engine I've ever encountered" - SteamPeek on Facebook
Fastidious screenshot
Fastidious
SimulationAdventureIndieActionStrategy

Fastidious

0.0

Release date: Oct 2020

You and 5 others are on a robbing spree and have no desire to stop. Plan your next heists and execute them with perfection! Make sure to remember that all actions have their consequences. Upgrade and improve your team and outpost and gain experience to advance your criminal skills!


Developer: MoXier Games, Publisher: MoXier Games, Game website

Windows |   Linux | Steam Achievements | Full controller support

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: 64-bit Windows 7/8.1/10
  • Processor: AMD FX-6100/Intel i3-3220 or Equivalent
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: AMD Radeon HD 7750, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 650 or Equivalent
  • DirectX: Version 11
  • Storage: 20 GB available space

SimulationAdventureIndieActionStrategyRPGEarly AccessViolentPvECrimeFast-PacedPvPRealisticFirst-PersonOnline Co-OpFPSHeistStealth

Similar
Heliconian - Starship Crew Control screenshot
Heliconian - Starship Crew Control
StrategySimulationActionCasualIndie

Heliconian - Starship Crew Control

0.0

Release date: Coming Soon - Wishlist and follow!

The essence of the Heliconian is to manage a mixed crew of renegades aboard the starship Heliconian. Manage the crew member’s actions and the ship’s functions to survive as long as possible while exploring the star system in the hopes of earning upgrades and ultimately a safe haven.


Developer: Octo Mini, Publisher: Octo Mini, Game website

Windows |   Mac

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7
  • Processor: Intel i5 or better
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: GeForce GTX 660 / AMD equivalent
  • Storage: 600 MB available space
  • Sound Card: Yes

StrategySimulationActionCasualIndieAdventureManagementSpaceSci-fiSurvivalRogueliteSpace Sim2DExplorationSingleplayerDifficult

Similar
Blood Metal screenshot
Blood Metal
CasualIndieActionSimulationAdventure

Blood Metal

1.822 26

Release date: 17 Jul, 2020

Blood Metal is a brutal, experimental, single-player project featuring a full body-destruction model. Experience uncensored 3D gore blended with relentless action. Welcome to Blood Metal.


Developer: Drakeling Labs, Publisher: Drakeling Labs

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • Requires a 64-bit processor and operating system
  • OS: Win 7
  • Processor: Intel Core i3-6100
  • Memory: 4 MB RAM
  • Graphics: NVIDIA® GeForce® GTX 660 / Radeon X1600 @ 1GB
  • DirectX: Version 11
  • Storage: 2 MB available space

CasualIndieActionSimulationAdventureEarly AccessGore1980sBloodFPSDestructionBullet TimeRetroFast-PacedTacticalSingleplayerShooterFightingSurvival

Similar
Cyber Driver VR screenshot
Cyber Driver VR
RacingSimulationSportsCasualIndie

Cyber Driver VR

0.62 4

Release date: 27 Mar, 2020

This is the VR version of my other popular game "Cyber Driver". It integrates all the optimizations of the latter and is completely re-created for VR control. In the game you will drive a hover taxi to avoid obstacles and pick up passengers, and continuously accumulate higher scores.


Developer: Meng Games, Publisher: Meng Games

Windows | Steam Achievements | Steam Leaderboards

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7
  • Processor: i5-4590
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVIDIA GTX 970
  • Storage: 260 MB available space
  • Additional Notes: VR Only

RacingSimulationSportsCasualIndieActionEarly AccessVRDrivingCyberpunkQuick-Time EventsFast-PacedSci-fiReplay ValueRelaxingArcadeSingleplayerDifficultAtmosphericFirst-Person

Similar
Urge screenshot
Urge
SimulationCasualAdventureIndieAction

Urge

0.0

Release date: 2021

You are driving through a mysterious town where your friend has gone missing. Damaged road will cause your car to crash. You're trying to survive while holding your Urge and fighting overgrown insects or other uncanny creatures.


Developer: EnDrew, Publisher: EnDrew

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 10
  • Processor: Intel Core i3-8000T / AMD FX-4100
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVIDIA GeForce 8800GT / AMD ATI Radeon HD 2900 XT
  • Storage: 1 GB available space
  • Sound Card: DirectX®-compatible

SimulationCasualAdventureIndieActionAtmosphericOpen World Survival CraftGun CustomizationSandboxDarkOpen WorldPsychological HorrorFunnyDifficultSurvival HorrorFirst-PersonHorrorSurvivalFPSGore

Similar
Climbros screenshot
Climbros
ActionCasualAdventureIndieSimulation

Climbros

2.312 2

Release date: 10 Mar, 2020

Climbros is an arcade game with an amazing gameplay. You can explore beautiful and diverse worlds by yourself or together in co-op mode. Climb, discover, cooperate and have fun. Join Climbros.


Developer: Toucan Studio, Publisher: Art Games Studio, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements | Full controller support | Steam Leaderboards

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 7 or later
  • Processor: Intel Core i3 4010U or AMD Quad-Core A8-6410
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: Intel HD Graphics 4000
  • DirectX: Version 9.0
  • Storage: 2 GB available space
  • Sound Card: DirectX compatible

ActionCasualAdventureIndieSimulationFunnyDifficultSingleplayerPlatformerPhysicsPixel GraphicsCo-op4 Player LocalRetroFamily FriendlyPhilosophicalStory RichArcadeLocal MultiplayerComedy

Similar

Promotion supporting the site:

The Killer of Dishonor screenshot
The Killer of Dishonor
CasualAdventureAction2DIndie

The Killer of Dishonor

2.213 4

Release date: 7 May, 2021

The Killer of Dishonor - is a hardcore 2D platformer with surviving elements where you will have to fight to ancient evil playing as a hired killer.


Developer: LTZinc, Publisher: LTZinc

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Microsoft® Windows 7 or higher
  • Processor: Dual Core 2.0 GHz or higher
  • Memory: 2 GB RAM
  • Graphics: 500MB
  • DirectX: Version 9.0
  • Storage: 100 MB available space
  • Additional Notes: Integrated graphics card before 2009 may not work

CasualAdventureAction2DIndieSimulationSportsSurvivalMassively MultiplayerStrategyPlatformerExplorationMinimalistAtmosphericStory RichSingleplayerSide ScrollerRacingComedyHorror

Similar
Miden Tower screenshot
Miden Tower
RPGCasualIndieStrategyAdventure

Miden Tower

1.03 1

Release date: 29 Apr, 2020

Miden Tower is a fantasy RPG with a compelling and dramatic story. After Miden Tower is invaded by the Alroval Empire, the mages who call it home find themselves cornered on its upper floors. This sets in motion a series of tragic events that lead to take back the tower.


Developer: Exe Create Inc., Publisher: KEMCO, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 10
  • Processor: Intel® Core™ i3
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: 2GB VRAM
  • Storage: 900 MB available space
  • Additional Notes: This app features keyboard controls and partial controller support with the Xbox One controller. Mouse/touch screen are not supported.

RPGCasualIndieStrategyAdventureSimulationJRPGPixel GraphicsOld SchoolParty-Based RPGVisual NovelDungeon CrawlerTurn-BasedRetroAnimeFantasyStory RichSingleplayer

Similar
Noah's Ark screenshot
Noah's Ark
SimulationCasualIndieAdventureAction

Noah's Ark

0.0

Release date: Coming Soon

Welcome to Noah's Ark, a realistic simulator game inspired by stories from Genesis of the Bible. Now it is time for you to be like Noah and build famous vessel, save (hunt) animals and survive during the biggest flood ever. Are you ready for this challenge?


Developer: SimulaM, Publisher: SimulaM

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows 10
  • Processor: Intel Core i3-2100 / AMD Phenom II X4 965
  • Memory: 4 GB RAM
  • Graphics: GeForce GTX 550 Ti / Intel HD 620
  • DirectX: Version 9.0
  • Storage: 2 GB available space

SimulationCasualIndieAdventureActionFirst-PersonSurvivalBase BuildingNavalDestructionInventory ManagementCraftingManagementBuildingHuntingSandboxRealisticOpen WorldSingleplayerAtmospheric

Similar
Putin Life screenshot
Putin Life
CasualIndieStrategyRPGAction

Putin Life

4.5115 9

Release date: 13 Nov, 2019

Putin Life - a game that allows you to feel not only the leader of the Russian Federation, but perhaps the Lord of the world.Rob, steal, enslave.


Developer: PutinDevTeam, Publisher: ObamaObeziana Entertainment

Windows |   Mac | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows Vista or greater
  • Processor: 2 Ghz
  • Memory: 2 GB RAM
  • Graphics: 512MB+
  • DirectX: Version 10
  • Storage: 300 MB available space

CasualIndieStrategyRPGActionSimulationAdventureMemesPoliticsSingleplayerFast-PacedColorfulStylized2DComedyEconomyFamily FriendlyRelaxingStory RichGreat Soundtrack

Similar
Klondike Solitaire Kings screenshot
Klondike Solitaire Kings
CasualIndieStrategySimulationRPG

Klondike Solitaire Kings

0.62 4

Release date: 16 Aug, 2017

Famous Card game also known as Klondike. We kept the game true to the spirit of the classic Solitaire (also known as Klondike or Patience) Klondike Solitaire Kings features a beautiful custom designed card set in high resolution with 300+ levels, playing Patience on your desktop never looked this good!


Developer: Boogygames Studios, Publisher: Boogygames Studios

Windows

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 10
  • Processor: Pentium 4 or higher, 2GHz
  • Memory: 1 GB RAM
  • Graphics: 128MB or higher
  • Storage: 80 MB available space

CasualIndieStrategySimulationRPGAdventureSports2DMouse onlyPuzzleSingleplayerGamingMinimalistDifficultCard GameClickerMysteryAtmosphericDark FantasyIlluminati

Similar
Ring of Life: Survive in Proxima screenshot
Ring of Life: Survive in Proxima
RPGIndieActionStrategySimulation

Ring of Life: Survive in Proxima

0.0

Release date: TBA

Dive into the exciting world of exoplanet Proxima B. Explore mysterious places, gather valuable resources and repair broken equipment in order to survive in an unknown environment. Be the hero of this space adventure!


Developer: Alanium Games, Publisher: SimFabric, Game website

Windows | Steam Achievements

Sytem requirements

Minimum:

  • OS: WIndows 10
  • Processor: i5
  • Memory: 8 GB RAM
  • Graphics: NVidia
  • DirectX: Version 11
  • Storage: 5 GB available space

RPGIndieActionStrategySimulationAdventureCraftingBuildingBase BuildingAction RPGResource ManagementRelaxingStory RichExplorationSingleplayerAtmosphericGreat SoundtrackStrategy RPGProcedural GenerationManagement

Similar
  Load more results
"Actually it's a really good site, thank you for your work sir <3"
...

  In spotlight:

Gordian Quest on Steam

You must agree to the terms below for ADULT CONTENT before continuing

SteamPeek game discovery displays many games, some with adult content.

By choosing AGREE and using this website you are affirming that you are at least 18 years of age or the age of majority in each and every jurisdiction in which you will or may view adult material, whichever is higher; such materials doesn't offend you; and viewing the adult material is legal in each and every community where you choose to view it.

Also the material you are viewing is for your own personal use and you will not expose any minors to the material.